There are many potential dog owners looking for dog breeds that dont shed and most of them can satisfy their wishes of keeping a dog as a pet, but there are also some very unfortunate ones who cannot do so without fearing triggering their allergies. Dogs are known to trigger existing allergies with bouts of sneezing, itching and eye irritation. So, for those suffering allergies, these seemingly innocent canines can be a serious health risk. Does that mean they can never keep a pet dog? No, it does not really mean ‘no dogs in the house.’ It’s just that they will be limited to certain ‘hypoallergenic’ dog breeds.
What do hypoallergenic means about dogs?
An allergy is a hyperactive immune system reaction to something otherwise harmless. Hypoallergenic dog breeds are dogs that are not a risk of allergy triggers to allergy sufferers. These dogs are safe for their owners if they happen to have allergies. These breeds for dogs do not shed as much hair, do not drool as often as most, and produce less than normal dander. So, short-haired dogs that shed the least will be a safe option for you if you suffer from allergies. This helps because dog allergy triggers involve proteins found in the dog’s skin and saliva cells. These cells are abundantly present in the dog’s dander (shed skin flakes), and dander gets stuck on the dog hair. Shedding this hair, the great general production of dander or contact with saliva can trigger allergies. These allergens are not produced in high amounts in hypoallergenic dog breeds, and therefore, these dogs are safer for allergy sufferers.
Do all dogs shed the hair? Dog breeds that dont shed
Dog breeds that don’t shed are actually breeds that don’t shed ‘much.’ People look for such dogs either because of their allergies or because they just want a low-maintenance dog. Since all dogs have hair, all dogs do shed at one time or the other. There are, however, breeds that shed much less than others and breeds with very short hair. The dog’s hair length, however, does not have much to do with shedding. There are many other factors like health, hygiene, and temperature that contribute to hair shedding. Although dog shedding is not always directly linked with allergies –some dogs that don’t shed much might produce a lot of dander and allergens – knowing dogs that shed the least and most can be helpful for those with allergies.
What small dogs are hypoallergenic?
There are certain dog breeds that shed less hair than many others, but a major factor in hair shedding in dogs is their lifestyle and care of the dog. Some of the small dog breeds that don’t shed much are as follows:
- Maltese Terrier
- Bichon Frise
- Chinese Crested
- Toy Poodle
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Cairn Terrier
- Shih Tzu
- West Highland White Terrier
Best hypoallergenic big dogs:
- Portuguese Water Dog
- Giant Schnauzer
- Standard Poodles
- Bouvier des Flandres
- Afghan Hound
- Irish Water Spaniel
Most of the big dogs bought around the world are hunting dogs. If you are planning on keeping a partner to tag along on hunting expeditions, for tracking, sniffing, chasing, retrieving, and most importantly, companionship, then you should go for low shedding hunting dogs that are easy to maintain and less of a risk to allergy sufferers. Some of such dogs include The Irish Water Spaniel, Lagotto Romagnolo, Portuguese Water Dogs, Afghan Hound, Curly Coated, and retrievers. These dog breeds that dont shed will prove excellent partners for your weekly, if not daily excursions. For hunting, another very important factor to consider is the dog’s general health. The healthiest dog breeds that dont shed and are known to be good for hunting purposes would be the best choice for you.
How to limit shedding and to keep allergies under control around dogs
Some dogs indeed shed less than others, but a major factor in reducing shedding is what you do to manage your pet’s shedding. So, what you need to do is:
- Regularly brush your dog’s coat
By doing so, you can control the amount of hair flying around your house. The brush will remove the loose hair in a controlled manner so that you can dispose of them before they spread all around the house. Using a quality brush to do so will also simultaneously stimulate the hair follicles, and this will make the dog’s hair smooth and shiny.
- Control the dog’s allergies and fleas
Allergies and fleas are likely to trigger irritation and subsequent scratching, which will increase the amount of hair shed. You need to, therefore, make sure to check for fleas and allergies by visiting the vet. If the dog’s skin looks irritated and it frequently scratches, visits the vet for a checkup.
- Wash the dog regularly with an ointment shampoo
By keeping the dog’s coat healthy and strong, you can reduce the amount of hair shed. Shedding is actually meant to get rid of damaged and dry hair. If you keep the hair healthy, moist, and smooth, you can reduce shedding greatly.
Tips to clean shed hair
The best way to reduce dog hair in your house is to clean your house regularly. Cleaning furniture and vacuuming the carpets frequently will gather and remove all hair from the fabrics. Even if you have tiles on your house, vacuuming is recommended over sweeping because sweeping might just raise the hair and land them back on the tiles. Vacuuming will guarantee its removal. Also, clean your clothes with an old-fashioned lint roller. Regular cleaning is always better because freshly shed hair will be easier to clean than hair that will get stuck in the carpet and furniture fabric by being trodden on repeatedly.
Thus, hypoallergenic dogs can be a great solution for allergy sufferers who love to have one as a pet. This, however, is not all that the owner needs to do. Regular maintenance and cleaning of both the house and the animal are absolutely necessary. With a regular cleaning routine, you can keep your allergies at bay.